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  • Writer's picturetony reardon

What are the main types of EV?



The main types of electric vehicles (EVs) are:

  1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs): These are fully electric vehicles that run entirely on electric power stored in a battery. They do not have an internal combustion engine and produce no tailpipe emissions.

  2. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): These vehicles have both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. They can run on electric power for a certain distance and then switch to the gasoline engine when the battery runs out.

  3. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs): These vehicles also have both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine. However, they cannot be plugged in to recharge the battery. The battery is recharged by regenerative braking and the gasoline engine.

  4. Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs): These vehicles use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity to power an electric motor. The only emission is water vapor.

There are also electric vehicles that are designed for specific purposes, such as electric motorcycles, electric bicycles, and electric buses.


Everything you need to know about full electric vehicles.


Battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric vehicles that run solely on electric power stored in a battery. They do not have an internal combustion engine and produce no tailpipe emissions. Instead of relying on gasoline, they use electric motors and rechargeable batteries to power the vehicle.


Here are some important things to know about BEVs:

  1. Charging: BEVs must be charged by plugging them into an electric power source, such as a home or public charging station. The time it takes to charge a BEV depends on the type of charger used, the size of the battery, and how much charge is left in the battery. Typically, it takes several hours to fully charge a BEV, but faster charging options are becoming more widely available.

  2. Range: The range of a BEV refers to how far the vehicle can travel on a single charge. The range varies depending on the vehicle model and the size of the battery. Many modern BEVs have a range of over 200 miles on a single charge, which is enough for most daily driving needs. However, longer trips may require multiple charging stops.

  3. Performance: BEVs can be very responsive and provide instant torque, which can make for a fun and exciting driving experience. They are also very quiet and produce no tailpipe emissions, making them environmentally friendly and pleasant to drive.

  4. Maintenance: BEVs typically require less maintenance than gasoline-powered cars since they have fewer moving parts. However, they still require periodic maintenance, such as tire rotations and brake inspections. BEVs also have a battery pack that will eventually need to be replaced, but the lifespan of the battery pack can vary depending on factors such as usage patterns and environmental conditions.

  5. Cost: BEVs can be more expensive than gasoline-powered cars, although prices have been coming down in recent years. However, they can be cheaper to operate over time since electricity is generally less expensive than gasoline. In addition, BEVs may qualify for tax credits and other incentives that can help offset the initial purchase price.

Overall, BEVs offer a clean, efficient, and enjoyable driving experience, although they may not be suitable for everyone depending on their driving needs and lifestyle. As battery technology continues to improve, BEVs are likely to become even more practical and widespread in the coming years.


Everything you need to know about PHEV cars.


Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) are vehicles that have both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine (ICE). This means that they can run on both electric power and gasoline, and they can be recharged by plugging them into an electric power source.


Here are some important things to know about PHEVs:

  1. Charging: PHEVs have a larger battery than regular hybrids, which allows them to run on electric power for a certain distance. The battery can be recharged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source, such as a home or public charging station. The time it takes to charge a PHEV depends on the type of charger used and the size of the battery.

  2. Range: The range of a PHEV depends on the size of the battery and the capacity of the gasoline tank. Most PHEVs have an electric range of 20-50 miles, which is enough for most daily driving needs. Once the battery runs out, the vehicle will switch to gasoline power and operate like a regular hybrid.

  3. Performance: PHEVs can provide the benefits of both electric and gasoline power, offering good performance and fuel efficiency. They can also be quieter and smoother to drive than regular hybrids, since they can run on electric power alone at low speeds.

  4. Maintenance: PHEVs require the same maintenance as regular hybrids, including oil changes, brake inspections, and tire rotations. In addition, the battery pack will eventually need to be replaced, but the lifespan of the battery pack can vary depending on factors such as usage patterns and environmental conditions.

  5. Cost: PHEVs can be more expensive than regular hybrids, although prices have been coming down in recent years. They can be cheaper to operate over time than gasoline-powered cars, since they can run on electric power for short distances. In addition, PHEVs may qualify for tax credits and other incentives that can help offset the initial purchase price.

Overall, PHEVs can be a good option for drivers who want the benefits of electric power but are concerned about range anxiety or don't have easy access to charging infrastructure. They can offer good fuel efficiency and performance, while still providing the flexibility to switch to gasoline power when needed.


What is a full hybrid?


Full hybrids, also known as full hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), are vehicles that have both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine (ICE), and they can operate using either electric power or gasoline power. Full hybrids are the most common type of hybrid on the market today.


Here are some important things to know about full hybrids:

  1. Electric motor: The electric motor in a full hybrid is powerful enough to drive the vehicle on its own at low speeds, such as in stop-and-go traffic or parking lots. The electric motor can also assist the gasoline engine during acceleration and provide additional power when needed.

  2. Battery: The battery in a full hybrid is larger than the battery in a mild hybrid or closed system hybrid, and it can be recharged through regenerative braking or by the gasoline engine while driving. The battery can also power the vehicle's accessories when the engine is off.

  3. Fuel efficiency: Full hybrids can improve fuel efficiency by using the electric motor to power the vehicle at low speeds, when the gasoline engine is least efficient. This can result in significant fuel savings over time, especially in city driving conditions.

  4. Performance: Full hybrids can provide good acceleration and power, since the electric motor can provide additional torque during acceleration. They can also be quieter and smoother to drive than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles, since they can operate on electric power alone at low speeds.

  5. Maintenance: Full hybrids require the same maintenance as traditional gasoline engines, including oil changes, brake inspections, and tire rotations. The battery pack will eventually need to be replaced, but the lifespan of the battery pack can vary depending on factors such as usage patterns and environmental conditions.

  6. Cost: Full hybrids can be more expensive than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles, due to the additional technology and larger battery. However, they can provide significant fuel savings over time, which can help offset the higher purchase price.

Overall, full hybrids can be a good option for drivers who want to improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions, but still need the flexibility to travel long distances without recharging. They can provide good performance and fuel economy, while still providing the convenience of gasoline power when needed.


What's the difference between a mild hybrid and a full hybrid?


Mild hybrid or closed system hybrids are vehicles that have both an electric motor and an internal combustion engine (ICE), but the electric motor is not powerful enough to drive the vehicle on its own. Instead, the electric motor assists the gasoline engine during acceleration and uses regenerative braking to recharge the battery.


Here are some important things to know about mild hybrids:

  1. Electric motor: The electric motor in a mild hybrid or closed system hybrid is relatively small and is used mainly to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration. It cannot drive the vehicle on its own, but it can help reduce fuel consumption and emissions.

  2. Battery: The battery in a mild hybrid or closed system hybrid is smaller than the battery in a full hybrid or plug-in hybrid, and it cannot be recharged by plugging the vehicle into an external power source. Instead, it is recharged through regenerative braking, which captures energy from the brakes and stores it in the battery.

  3. Fuel efficiency: Mild hybrid or closed system hybrids can improve fuel efficiency by using the electric motor to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration. This can reduce the amount of fuel the engine needs to consume to accelerate the vehicle, resulting in better fuel economy and lower emissions.

  4. Performance: Mild hybrid or closed system hybrids can provide better acceleration and power than a traditional gasoline engine, since the electric motor provides additional torque during acceleration. However, they cannot provide the same level of electric-only driving as a full hybrid or plug-in hybrid.

  5. Maintenance: Mild hybrid or closed system hybrids require the same maintenance as traditional gasoline engines, including oil changes, brake inspections, and tire rotations. The battery is smaller than the battery in a full hybrid or plug-in hybrid and does not need to be replaced as often.

  6. Cost: Mild hybrid or closed system hybrids are generally less expensive than full hybrids or plug-in hybrids, since they have a smaller battery and less advanced electric motor technology. They can provide some of the benefits of hybrid technology, such as improved fuel efficiency and lower emissions, at a lower cost.

Overall, mild hybrid or closed system hybrids can be a good option for drivers who want to improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions, but don't need the full range of features provided by a full hybrid or plug-in hybrid. They can provide some of the benefits of hybrid technology at a lower cost, making them a good option for budget-conscious buyers.

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